Nepal Travel Summary
Extended east to west on the southern slant of the Himalayas, Nepal is a little landlocked nation, Shaped practically like a rectangle that fringes with the People’s Republic of China (Tibet) on the north and India on the east, west and south, with the little area of 147,181 Square kilometer, which has the population of 30 million, where 1 million people lives in Kathmandu, home to the seven World Heritage Sites that is designated by the UNESCO, which is the part of Nepal Travel evolution. Nepali is the official language and many Nepalese in many touristic areas like Kathmandu Valley, Pokhara, Chitwan and Lumbini most people speak English as well.The religion Hinduism is rehearsed by around 81.3% of Nepalese, the most noteworthy rate of the nation. Buddhism is connected truly with Nepal and is rehearsed by 9% of its kin, trailed by Islam at 4.4%, Kiratism 3.1%, Christianity 1.4% and animism 0.4%.
Nepal is one of the best nations for adventure destination on the planet. From the Highest top (Mt. Everest 8848m) to the deepest gorge (Kaligandaki gorge 5,571 m lower) in the planet lies in Nepal as well as it is the birth place of Lord Buddha “The Light of Asia” who was born in Lumbini, the World Heritage Site listed by UNESCO and visited by many tourists from all across the world. There are lots of fun in Nepal Travel. Nepal is truly the country of extremes.Nowhere in the world there is so much diversity in topography, climate and ecology in such a narrow strip of land. A few kilometers north of rich green Terai and tropical timber lands are excellent green slopes and a few kilometers north are powerful, great and grandiose Himalayas, which offers the every trekking destination.
Tranquility Of Nepal Travel
Populated by people of 101 ethnic groups and living in perfect social and cultural harmony, Nepalese people are famous for their hospitality with the unforgettable greeting of NAMASTE. Nepal is a destination for people of all ages and all interests. The architecture and monuments stand to challenge the historians; towering mountains tempt mountaineers, trekkers, sightseers and thrill the adventures; tumbling and rushing rivers dare the rafters. The multiplicity of bio-diversity attract investigators and common people alike; ethnic, social and culture structures attract those interested in human elements of life; tranquility of Nepal travel as a whole captivates those who seek a peace of mind.
Nepal’s weather is generally predictable and pleasant.But, Nepal is partitioned into three zones – the high mountains, the mid-slopes and the level fields called the Terai. The Everest, Langtang and Annapurna trekking destinations in the mountains are cool as the year progressed. So, if you are going trekking, the best months for walking are September to December and February to May. At the time, the sky will remain clear and the temperature is pleasant.The mid-slopes, including Kathmandu and Pokhara, are cool with the exception of in the late spring months from May to July. Temperatures in these cities during the summer remain much cooler than in many cities of the region. Lumbini and Chitwan in the Terai plains are hot in summer (March –July) but cold in winter (December-February). Still, very good times to come throughout the Year in summer and in winter.
NEPAL TRAVEL VISA/RE-ENTRY VISA FEE
Visa for Nepal can be obtained from Nepal embassies or diplomatic mission or consulate office abroad. Tourist visa can also obtain from immigration office at the entry point at The Tribhuwan International Airport for the travelers coming by the air. Tourist arriving by road can obtain Nepal travel visa at the immigration office at the border entry point along the Nepal – India border and on the Nepal- China border. The Nepal – India border are kakadvitta (Eastern Nepal), Birgunj (Central Nepal), Bhairahawa (Western Nepal), Nepalgunj (Mid-Western Nepal), Mahendranagar (Far-western Nepal). Only the entry point between Nepal – China border is at kodari. Nepal Travel visa can also obtain or for renewable purpose at department of immigration. Valid passport and passport size photo with light background is required. Immigration department has not specified the size of passport size photo.
Nepal Travel Visa can be obtain only through payment of cash in following currency: EURO, SWISS FANC, POUNDERLISTING, US DOLLOR, AUSTRALIAN DOLLOR, CANADIAN DOLLOR, HONGKONG DOLLAR, SINGAPORE DOLLOR & JAPANESE YEN. Credit cards, Indian currency and Nepali currency are not accepted as the payment of visa fee.
Tourist Visa and fees for Nepal Travel
Single/Multiple entry for 15 days – US 25$ or equivalent convertible currency.
Single/Multiple entry for 30 days – US 40$ or equivalent convertible currency.
Single/Multiple entry for 90 days – US 100$ or equivalent convertible currency.
Free visa for Nepal Travel
For the first visit on visa year (Jan-Dec). Free visa for 30days is available only for the Nationals of South Asian country like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Pakistan and Srilanka. Then after, however, visa can be extended from immigration department on payment of visa fee as specified.
Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal. As per Nepalese Immigration, Indian nationals travelling to Nepal must possess their detail identity like, Citizenship cards, driving license, and passport with photo.
National from Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Palestine, Iraq and Afghanistan will need to obtain Nepal travel visa from Nepalese embassies or diplomatic mission in their respective country, as they do not get visa on arrival at the immigration entry point of Nepal.
Visa Extension and Fees
Visa can be extended for the maximum period of 150 days in a visa year (Jan-Dec). In other words, you can stay in Nepal on tourist visa for maximum of 150 days per year.
Visa extension fee for the period of 15 days or less = US 30$
Visa extension fee for the period of more than 15 days = US 2$ per day
Visa extension fee for the period of more than 30 days or less = US 50$ for 30 days
Requirement for visa extension: Photocopy of passport page, showing arrival stamp and or extension stamp, one passport photo graph.
MONEY MATTER WHILE TRAVELLING IN NEPAL
Nepal official currency is Nepalese rupee, NRP or Rs. Make guarantee for the small money in Nepalese rupees that incorporates in 1, 2, 5,10,20,50,100,500 or 1000. Because you need cash money for local payment like; budget for drinks, entrance fee might be needed for sightseeing, emergency fund, departure tax, tipping or tips, extra expenses, etc. This is to inform you that around 20$ – 25$ or 2000 to 2500 rupees per day per person, normally might be expenses in your meals or other.
So, Kathmandu remains the most popular place to obtain your money from home. If you are bringing cash from lesser known currency it’s best to change it in Kathmandu city rather than anywhere else. The main ways to obtain Nepalese rupees are credit cards, Atm, traveler cheque, bank and money exchange counters. Major cash currency for converting to Rs includes USD, GBP, EURO, YEN and Indian Rupee. Most other currencies are accepted but stick with converting them to rupee in Kathmandu rather than Pokhara or smaller cities. Likewise, on the trek where you need to carry the large quantity of cash – don’t leave it unattended in your room.
Using credit cards/ATM in Nepal
Credit cards can be used in a few major stores, hotel, restaurant, tour agencies or bank. Do be aware of commission added and don’t leave your credit card unattended with anyone no matter their excuse. All major credit cards are accepted in Nepal. These includes: VISA, MASTERCARD, and CIRRUS & AMERICAN EXPRESS. Automated Teller Machines (ATM) are available throughout Nepal. However, only Kathmandu and Pokhara have regularly working machine that accept the international cards. Throughout, the rest of the country they exist for national bank. But, not all international bank cards are accepted. Popular ATM that accepts the international cards in Kathmandu and Pokhara include; standard chartered, Everest bank, Nabil bank and Himalayan bank. Cash is given out only in the Nepalese Rupee. If you have Cirrus or American Express, you’ll need to be checked individually, as they each have different relationship with national bank. Ask your own bank who they recommend to use in Nepal Travel. The best place to try ATM is around Thamel in Kathmandu and lakeside in Pokhara. Electricity black out are common in Nepal. Do be aware of electrical power failure when using the ATM. At last, paying for the things in Nepal by cash is generally safer than by credit card.
Using travelers cheque in Nepal
Traveller cheque is still accepted in Nepal. Cash your cheque in any of the main foreign exchange office or from bank in Kathmandu. Be sure to ask, if they are taking commission when cashing them in. Be sure to bring your passport or other necessary identity documents when cashing them in. Normally, banks are open 9 am to 3pm Monday through Friday.
Money Exchange Counter/ Exchange rate in Nepal
There are plenty of money exchange counter in Kathmandu. They are known as either money changer or foreign exchange (FOREX). All major currencies are accepted. Many medium size currencies to minor currency are also accepted, though, you might have to wait a long. Exchange rates are often posted outside the money changer store fronts every morning and even published in English daily newspaper, Such as Kathmandu post, The Himalayan times, the rising Nepal etc. Rates don’t very much at all between stores and usually if you think you are getting a good bargain, they will recalculate as you hand them your money. Ask what the exchange rate is first and if they charge a commission. Avoid hotel for changing money.
Any foreigner intending to trek to any part of the country will have to obtain trekking permit of conservation or National parks from the concerned authorities. The permits for the Trekking are issued for any part of the country except those restricted for foreigners by the government regulations. Some rules for trekking are as following:
- Trekking may be undertaken for only place or one area at a time.
- Trekkers should follow the routes prescribed for them by the department of immigration.
- Trekking along routes that are not prescribed may cause serious problems regarding security, food, and accommodation.
- It is strongly advised to make arrangement for trekking through registered trekking agencies to prevent from unseen accidents which may occur at any time during the trekking period.
- It is advised to take only authorized guide and porter while trekking.
- Be careful with matches around wooden or grassy areas, forest as grass fires cause serious damages.
- Although, people of the hills of Nepal are exceptionally friendly and honest there could be some who may take advantages of foreign trekkers. Generally, lodges and small hotels set up the standard rates for lodging and food. While taking shelters in local household the rate may be quite different. Please pay the fare price for goods and services provided by the villagers. Wrangling over one or two rupees usually results in unfair return and generates ill feeling as well. Please! Minimize it.
FOODS IN NEPAL
Nepal is quite popular for its cuisine too. You can see the increasing number of eateries in every nooks and corner of cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara valley. In Nepal travel you can find every kind of restaurants to satisfy the taste buds and palate of different types of people. You can find Mexican, Indian, Japanese, Chinese, Italian, continental hangout at par with fast food joints, pubs and local restaurants, which will serve you authentic and sumptuous Nepali, Newari or Thakali food. Most of the restaurant in the cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara are foreign managed and hygiene always come first in these cities or place.
Never eat unpeeled fruits or vegetables, unless you know they have been adequately soaked in a solution. Choose only the restaurants that are fully equipped with hygienic condition.
Now, there are also plenty of foods available on main treks in Nepal. Food provided is cooked by local people trained to the high standard to meet the requirement of the guest. Every little tea house along all the routes, basically has food to offer that you will have quite comprehensive menus to choose from.
Dal vat (Trekking version) this is the most common and typical meal, which comprises of rice, dal soup with vegetable curry made from seasonal vegetable available locally. Other dishes might include roti (flat bread) with curry, fried rice, momos and small stuff dumpling that are steamed and served with relish. It’s a little different than one you get in the cities. After that, everything from pancake to macaroni, cheese to muesli and even apple pie are available. The food will not come with all the trimming. But it is filling and portions are usually quite big. Fresh meat can become scarce in off season. Purchasing some cheese can help add protein to your trekking diet.
WATER WHILE IN NEPAL TRAVEL
Please drink treated water, boiled water, sealed bottle mineral water. If you are going trekking water from the village tap is not safe to drink. It is recommended taking water purification tablet or drop or filter, these are the environmentally friendly option for you, if drinking water available, so, whenever you need it. Lastly, carry some bottle of water with you all the time.
Altitude sickness often known as acute mountain sickness, if not treated when symptom first appear, can lead to death. Because it is the effect of altitude those who ascend too rapidly to the elevation above 2000 meters. Early mountain sickness will manifest itself in a headache, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, slightly swelling on face and hand. Do not ignore this warning otherwise more serious symptom can occur which can even cause the death within a few hours. The care for the acute mountain sickness is to descent immediately to the lower elevation. Being young, strong and fit does not help. Medicine is not substitute for descent. When a doctor is available, he may give medicine or oxygen. However, the patient must go down even if treatment is given.
Drinking at least 4-5 liters of water per day and acclimatize your body into environment with proper amount of rest are the best method for prevention of acute mountain sickness. Do not think it will be serious, take it easy and let you know to your leader when you have any symptoms.
There are no specific health requirements for entry into Nepal Travel. Nevertheless, preventive measure such as through medical checkup and inoculation before you start trekking can save you from unexpected hazard. However, you should consult your doctor for up to date information regarding vaccination.
Medication for any reasonably foreseeable illness need to be brought with you whilst you are in Nepal travel, outside Kathmandu, pharmacies will be few and far between and also limited in what they can supply. Please be aware that the medical facilities are not of the same standard you might expect at home. So, it is strongly recommend that you must carry a personal first aid kit as well as sufficient quantity of personal medical requirements. Common problems like dehydration, diarrhea, fever, headache, and tonsil can be occurred during the trekking period. So, plan accordingly. When you feel too much cold frisk your body and drink hot water, garlic or ginger tea or soup.
Time difference: Nepal standard time is 5 hrs and 45 minutes ahead of GMT.
Use your safety bag for your valuables do not leave cash and other valuable lying around in the room, like passport, money belt, camera etc. Be aware of pick pockets in crowed or any places.
For flight reconfirmation, a passenger must reconfirm at least 72hrs before the flight that he/she will be on the flight. Otherwise, an airline has a right to assign the seat to someone else. Please be careful. Except Thai airways.
WEATHER OF MOUNTAINS
Mountain weather is not constant, it changes in the interval of 15 to 20 min. Some days, it is stable as well. But it is hard to predict about the weather of mountain. Actually, in the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) the weather is mild and moderate, ranges from 2 degree to 9 degree Celsius.
Travel Insurance is not included in your trip cost. We strongly recommend that, take out a comprehensive travel insurance prior to your trip from your home country. Your Travel insurance must cover against personal accident, medical expenses, emergency evacuation and personal liability (theft of items and materials). We also recommend that it covers cancellation, loss of luggage and personal effects.
Photography: It is not allowed to take photographs in some places. It is better to ask the guide, the people around or take a moment to refer to the information board.
Rubbish: Use washing and toilets facilities provided or if none are available make sure you are at least 30 meters away from any water source. Bury excreta and toilet papers and use biodegradable toiletries. Avoid use of non- biodegradable items as much as possible.
Beggar: Cheap charity breeds beggars and who does not have solve their basic problem. Therefore, do not encourage the beggary by being benevolent.
Shoes in Temples, Stupas and Monasteries: Visitors are supposed to taken off their shoes while visiting Hindu temples or Buddhist shrine and in some particular places as a mark of respects.
Dress: It is better to be decently dressed when visiting any place in Nepal travel. Beach wears and too revealing clothes are not appropriate when touring the cities or villages. Especially, by women, bare shoulders and backs are not appreciated. It does not mean to be stiff and overdressed, just be comfortably and decently covered. Because, different country have their different life culture.