Trekking in Nepal is most popular goings-on activity. From highest peak in the world to the deepest gorge in the world lies in Nepal. It is the nation which has its unique history and really versatile traditional culture. Where our imagination even cannot find with its magnificent mountain ranges, nature, rivers, and infinite historic sites. Nepal has long been a conservation area where it is possible to discover mysterious ease and comfort together with energy from this Mother Nature. Here are a great number of strange vegetation and fauna. As well as the most authentic and warm and friendly people across the world.
Many people from all over the world prefer for trekking in Nepal. Because of almost all impressive mountain tops in the world, which offers each trekking route with beautiful natural scenery. Without a doubt Nepalese people wanting to welcome people from all over the world with its outstanding hospitality, Namaste! So, come to chill out and enjoy the classical lifestyle and experience the relaxation of the sociable mountain villages. Discover the all-natural miracles of the Himalayas and experience nature at its finest. It will be one of the most exceptional memories that you ever before cherish. You find yourself a memorable practical experience!
Just feel on your own standing upright in between of the succession of mountain ranges where the milky white snows are. It’s true! While you come for trekking in Nepal, another you feel the fantastic sunshine of sunlight sparkling in every place like the indigo blue color sky makes you in astonishment. Take a trip the hiking trails appreciate the green panoramas. The everlasting rivers and waterfalls in the shadow of wilderness will certainly address the most excellent that the natural scenery can easily always offer you.
Best season for Trekking in Nepal
There are four different seasons which has its own significant. It depends on the opinion of people or person. How much high the people wanted to go for the trekking? If the people wanted to go High Mountain (high altitude) for the trekking, the best season is a dry and warm season. From March to May and September to mid-December. During this time, the temperature is pleasant (not so hot) and the sky will remain clear. The view of mountains is mineral clear. After the mid-December until the end of February, the winter season begin and run. In this cold season, the higher up mountain there will be snowing and icy cold. But, in some part of the region like in short trek, for example, Ghorepani poon hill trek, there is to some extend cold but best all the time of a year. There are many such types of “Trekking in Nepal” area which is all the time touristic period. For instance, Ghandruk trek, included Ghorepani Poonhill trekking, Annapurna eco-lodge trek, Helambu trek, Annapurna panorama trek etc. Another, the spring (Mar-May) and autumn (Sep. To Nov.) Seasons are most peak period to go for climbing as well for the expedition and Trekking. Now, I would like to give you the ideal description of different four seasons which is as follows:
1. Spring (March to May)
This is a blooming season which is also called the flowering period. At this season all the flower, as well as the rhododendron forest, seems to be attractively beautiful above 2500 m. You feel like nature has made you a king or queen by dropping down a colorful leaf of the flower on the trail. This spring season is very much suitable to go for trekking in Nepal and for the mountaineering expedition. In the lowland, the temperature is mildly warm. And moderate in the higher elevation of 4000 m, which part provides to see the spectacular view of magnificent Himalayas.
2. Summer (June to August)
Actually, this is the time of annual highest rainfall in the country. In most part of the region in Nepal has precipitation and monsoon season will be running. Because the monsoon begins in Nepal when the warm and humid air blowing from the Indian Ocean comes. But, this season is best for trekking in some part like desert area; Mustang (the forbidden kingdom), Dolpo and Nar-Phu valley and traveling for the tour to Tibet. Due to the high Himalayan ranges, the warm and moist air cannot pass through the mountains and other parts remain a desert. So, the mentioned places are best for trekking in Nepal.
3. Autumn (September to November)
September, October, and November months are called an autumn season. This is most peak period months in the country. At this season, the weather is very pleasant, dry and very clear. The visibility of the mountains is superb. In this time of atmospheric condition is neither too cold in higher up mountain nor hot in lowland Terai. All air pollution of the atmosphere is swiped by the monsoon rainfall. Many tourists from all around the world come to do High Mountain trekking. This is also the time of the grandest festival season in Nepal (Dashain and Tihar). Moderate temperature makes easy to walk in a higher up mountain in daytime. Apparently, it will be cold in morning and evening and even at night. But not as much cold as in winter. But, it is the best time for trekking in Nepal. In lowland Terai, there will be hot but not like spring season.
4. Winter (December to February)
This is the season of wearing full of warm clothes. It is a cold season. But, the weather is clear and calm in the mountains. Views are wonderful and spectacular. In the high mountain, it will be very cold. Sometimes even snowfall and freezing. But, not in a hilly region and at lowlands like Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, and Lumbini. In December, January and February months you can do the tour over lowland Terai and hilly region and 5 to 6 days’ short treks in the low elevation mountains region. For instance, the lower elevation treks in Nepal are; Ghorepani trek or Poonhill trek, Annapurna or Eco-lodge trek, Ghandruk trek etc. The nice things are that in the winter season, unlikely you see the tourist on the trail in high mountains. Finally, you need to be fully prepared for the cold to go in higher mountains for trekking.
Weather of Nepal
Weather of Nepal condition is different from place to places. Because the country is divided into various geographical landscape like; Himalayan, Hilly and Terai regions. While going “trekking in Nepal” to the North, summers are calm and winters changeable. While going Nepal tourist places tour in the southern Terai region, summers are tropical and winters are mild. Actually, Nepal seasons are categorized into five types: Summer, Spring, Monsoon, Autumn, and Winter. In the low land Terai, summer season high temperature goes beyond 35°C in some zones and winter temperature ranges from 8°C to 22°C.
In the high Himalayan regions, mountains and valleys, who are experiencing the trekking in Nepal, the weather of winter temperature drop Zero. But, the capital city of Nepal Kathmandu has an enjoyable type of climate. Average winter and summer temperature hovering 3°C – 12°C and 18°C – 36°C correspondingly. When you go to an altitude of 1000m in Nepal, the temperature drops 6°C. The northern Himalayas play the fence to the chill winds that forcing from central Asia in the cold winter season and formulate the north frontier of cloudburst wind patterns.
Ninety percent of precipitation in Nepal during the rainy season (June to August). The rain in the winter is mostly manifest in the western part of Nepal hills. The normal yearly rain shower is 1600 mm, but it really differs by eco-climatic areas, for instance, 3380 mm in Pokhara and then below 300 mm in Mustang region. There is no seasonal limitation for Travelling or Trekking in Nepal. Even in the December, January the weather rewards cheerful sun and excellent views of mountains with a clear sky. Finally, the main trekking regions in Nepal, the best seasons to visit are during spring and autumn. Spring is the time of flower blooming and after the rainy season, autumn the perfectly clear skies. Though, Nepal is round the year touristic country.
For more information about Nepal’s climatic conditions, visit the official website of the Department of Hydrology & Meteorology, Ministry of Environment.
Main Trekking Regions in Nepal
There are many potentials to find out the trekking routes in Nepal. Every year+250,000 tourist is coming to visit Nepal for trekking. Even if, you are coming solo or couples to visit the enchanting center Thamel, Kathmandu. There you can see a number of travel and tours agency along with trekking agency who are waiting to serve you. But, you will know their main focus will be the best region for trekking in Nepal. Because the god has given them nature with beautiful mountains, rivers, valley and wonderful people, who greet the foreigner as a guest than a tourist. Now, in below there are some of the major trekking regions in Nepal.
- Annapurna Region
From all over the world, this Annapurna region has declared as one of the best trekking areas in Nepal. Every year more than 15,000 tourists are coming to trek Annapurna base camp, Annapurna circuit, Annapurna eco-lodge trek, Ghorepani trek, Mardi Himal trek, Upper Mustang, and Manang. These are the most visited trekking area in the country. It covers an area of 7629 Sq. km. These routes are the most extraordinary “trekking in Nepal”. This region has spread around Kaski, Lamjung, Manang, Mustang districts of central Nepal. Started from 700 meters, the area reaches up to the 8091 Meter of Annapurna one. Ghorepani Poon hill Trek or Ghandruk is the first experience that provides the fantastic panoramic view of the Annapurna ranges. The hill of rhododendrons is equally eye-catching that blossom in every spring. The turning point of Annapurna circuit is Jomsom. Which also leads to the scenic and highest point lake in the world situated at an altitude of 4900 Meter (Tilicho Lake). Sacred Hindu religious Muktinath temple is famous in circuit route of Annapurna too. Various species of orchids and rhododendron vegetation can be found in this region.
Annapurna Region Bio-diversity in Table
While trekking in Nepal, mostly in this region as you stay quiet, different wildlife including rare snow leopards and blue sheep can be seen. But, there are more than 100 different kinds of mammals, 488 species of birds, 40 species of reptiles and 23 species of amphibians.
|Annapurna Region Facts|
|Total Area||7629 Sq.km|
|No. of Foreign Trekkers||113,459 According to the Record of 2013 AD|
|Highest Elevation||8091 meter (Annapurna I)|
|Major Ethnic Groups||Gurung, Thakali, Magar, Bhotia, Manangis etc.|
|Major Destinations for Annapurna Trekking in Nepal||Ghorepani poonhill, Ghandruk, Annapurna Base Camp, Annapurna Circuit, Jomsom, Manang, Mustang, Muktinath and Annapurna Eco-Lodge Trek, Mardi Himal Trek, Nar and Phu valley trek.|
|Major Rivers||Marshyangdi, Kali Gandaki, Mardi, Modi, Madi, Seti|
|Highest Altitude Lake||Tilicho (4919 m)|
|Climatic Zone||Tropical to Alpine|
|Mountain Birds||Species of pheasants (Daphne, Blood pheasants, Kaliz, Monal, Koklass, Cheer)|
|Highest Pass Thorang la Pass||5416 m|
|Economy of the Area||Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Tourism and Service in Army|
How to get Annapurna Base Camp Trek / Trekking in Nepal Itinerary?
Drive from Kathmandu (1400 m)
|Pokhara||830 m||6 to 7 hrs.|
Drive one and half hrs. 45km Nayapul
|Trek to Tikhedhunga||1540 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
|Trek to Ghorepani||2900 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Trek to Tadapani||2640 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
|Trek to Chomrong||2170 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Trek to Himalaya||2920 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Trek to ABC via FBC||4130 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
*ABC (Mt. Annapurna Base Camp) (4130 m) via *FBC (Mt. Fishtail Base Camp) (3700m)
Annapurna Base Camp
|Trek to Bamboo||2300 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Trek to Jhinu||1780 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Trek to Pothana||1900 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Trek to Phedi and Drive to PKR||1130 m||2 to 3 hrs.|
Final Drive from Pokhara (PKR)
|To Kathmandu||1400 m||6 to 7 hrs.|
Tilicho lake Trekking in Nepal
Tilicho lake trek unquestionably offers many of the world’s perfect scenes, an impressive range of native culture and variation, most interesting deep valley’s and top mountain ranges surrounding the massive Annapurna Himal. The area is distinctive with the lots of people and atmosphere, sub-tropical to more, moisture free terrain similar to the Tibetan Plateau. Tilicho lake adventure brings you to the wonderful village inhabited by a broad diversity of individuals from various authentic cultural ethnic groups, providing a breathtaking and awesome scene of the bright Himalayas. The lovely path takes you via classic Manangis villages settled by warm and friendly, familiar people that constantly offer you a warm greeting between the miraculous, snowcapped Himalayas. You will enjoy the charming places of interest of remote Tibetan villages, incredible rock patterns, higher altitude grazing settlements, fine canyons, dense wilderness and also impressive snowy weather peaks throughout your Nepal Tilicho lake adventure.
Entry Fees for Annapurna Region Trekking
Actually, to enter into the Annapurna Region you need a permit. To get a valid entry permit, visit Nepal Tourism Board (NTB), Bhrikutimandap in Kathmandu or Tourist Service Center, Nepal Tourism Board, Damside in Pokhara.
NPR 2000 per Person to the foreign nationals
NPR 200 per Person to SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) Nationals
A double charge will have taken if you make a permit from the field check posts. So, don’t do like that. Wherever you are, before going to Trekking in Nepal like Annapurna Region. Take your time to make an entry permit in the cities like Kathmandu or Pokhara. If you don’t have an idea or want the easy process, then visit the popular places like Thamel. There are counting the number of Travel and Trekking agency who are waiting to serve you with a little charge like Rs.500 as a service charge.
Do Remember: The permits one time you make is non-refundable and non-transferrable. Only for single entry purpose.
Another the Nepal Government of Tourism and Cultural Ministry has designated the special area like Upper Mustang (The Hidden Kingdom region) or Nar-Phu. For this area, you have to take a special permit from the department of immigration. And if you want to climb or for the expedition, you have to take an entry permit from NMA (Nepal Mountaineering Association).
2. Everest Region
Everest is another very popular region for trekking in Nepal, which provides the ample opportunity to feel proud of being in the Top of the world. This area is declared as a natural world heritage sites worldwide in 1979 AD, designated by the UNESCO. This region is the most visited popular area in the country those who are interested to do trekking and expedition. Mt. Everest the highest peak in the world is the most popular top in the planet. Many tourists from the worldwide come to visit base camp of the Everest to feel like touching and to feel as on the top of the world. There are the other numbers of high peaks such as Lhotse Shar, Choyu, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Kangtega, Gyachung Kang, Kwangde, Thamserku and so on.
How to Reach Everest Base Camp Trek / Trekking In Nepal?
Kathmandu, Flight to Lukla
Trek to Phakding
|Namche Bazar||6 hrs.||9 Km|
|Tengboche||6 hrs.||8 Km|
|Dingboche||6 hrs.||9 Km|
|Lobuche||5 hrs.||6 Km|
|Gorak Shep||3 hrs.||4 Km|
|Everest Base Camp||2 hrs.||3 Km|
Every peak in Nepal has their own trekking route which is the best for trekking in Nepal. Actually, it lies in the north east of Kathmandu. Everest region is also known as Sagarmatha National park covers an area of 1148 Sq. Km. Upper River areas consist of Dudh Koshi, Bhote Koshi, and Imja Khola rivers. Most of the park lies above 3000m from the sea level. Everest is in the glaciers and unnegotiable ice and rock faces with rugged deep gorges. Khumbu is a locally known place of the home of the famous Sherpa people. Sherpas are mostly involving in agriculture by farming barley, potatoes and graze yaks in high altitude land. They are also worldwide fame as a mountaineering people who originated in high mountains area and famous in trekking in Nepal Industry.
Plants species such as rhododendron, birch, juniper, blue pine and silver fir are found which give way to scrub and alpine plants up to an altitude of 4000 meters. In the late spring and summer, hillsides around the villages of Namchebazar, Tengboche and Thame are wonderful when rhododendrons bloom. Wildlife most likely to be seen in Everest Region Is the Himalayan tahr, musk deer, ghoral, mouse hare and sometimes jackal. The rarely seen wildlife animal are Himalayan black beer, lynx, wolf, red panda, Martin and snow leopard. Common birds are Impeyan pheasant, blood pheasant, snow pigeon, snow cock, Himalayan griffin vulture, yellow-billed chough, red-billed and lammergeyer etc. can commonly see while trekking in Nepal in the region of Everest.
Major Fact of Everest Region
|National Park Declared Year||July 19, 1976, AD|
|World Natural Site Listed||1979 AD|
|Location Side||North-Eastern Nepal|
|Area||1148 Sq. Km|
|Bio-Climatic Zone||Temperate-alpine Zone|
|Altitude||2300m to 8848m from the sea level|
|Major Peak||Mt. Everest (8848m), Lhotse (8501m), Cho Oyu (8153m), Nuptse (7896m)|
|Major Ethnic Group||Sherpa, Tamang, and Rai|
|Economy of The People||Agriculture, Tourism, Business, Animal Husbandry, Mountaineering.|
|Rare Animals||Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Red panda etc.|
|Birds||Himalayan Monal, Blood Pheasant|
|Major Trees||Pine, Fir, Hemlock, Juniper, Birch etc.|
|Best Season to Travel||Spring and Autumn|
|Accommodation||Several Resorts, Lodges, Teahouses, Hotels, Campsites that offer the modern amenities|
Major Highlights of the Everest Trek
- Everest (8848 m) the highest peak in the planet.
- Everest Base Camp and Kala Patthar
- Gokyo lake and glacier
- Thame Valley and Chukung
- Sherpa Culture and Monasteries
- Different beautiful Birds and Animals
Everest region entry permit fees
In order to enter into Everest Region trekking in Nepal, valid entry permit should be required which are as follows:
- 3000 for foreigners
- 1500 for SAARC Nationals
The valid entry permits available in National park ticket counter at Nepal Tourism board, Kathmandu. The entry permit is only for single entry. It is non- refundable and non-transferable. To enter the park without a permit is illegal. One the way before entering the park there is a checkpoint. The permit which has to show at any time. So, visitors are requested to keep the permit with them all the time. If you are intending to make a documentary filming. Then the people must have to take a special permit from the Department of National parks and Wildlife conservation.
3. Langtang Region
For “trekking in Nepal”, Langtang is one of the most pristine regions which is listed in National parks. It lies in the north of Kathmandu. And it is the region which can easily reachable highland reserve from the center of the capital. Actually, it covers an area of 1710 Sq. Km. Nepal two largest river systems- Trishuli and Koshi are forming from the upper catchment areas. The altitude variation is starting from 1500 m to the top of Mt. Langtang Lirung at 7234 m. Another, the park has enormous biological diversity. The major attraction of the area includes the Langtang valley, the holy lake at Gosainkunda and the forested hill landscape above the village of Helambu. In Langtang region “trekking in Nepal”, the deep gorges of Bhote Koshi and Langtang Khola are densely forested with oak, maple, alder, and rhododendron. The afforested area has spread around Ghoda Tabela in the lower Langtang valley. And below part of Gosainkunda is inhabited by the red panda (the rare animal) which is the symbol of a healthy Himalayan ecosystem. Others common animals in this densely forested area are gray langur monkey, wild boar, ghoral, leopard and Himalayan black bear. This is also the home of beautiful birds like tragopan, Impeyan and kalij pheasants and other among. Further up, Himalayan tahr, snow leopard, and musk deer also can be found. The major ethnic groups who live in its Langtang buffer zone are Bhotia, Tamang, and Yolmo. The culture of this people is apparent by their life and home-style, customs, the ornaments they wear and dress they perform. Most of the people in this region follow the Bon religion (a pre-Buddhist doctrine predominant in Tibet). A number of tourists while trekking in Nepal, one time they think about to plan for trekking in Langtang region.
The most popular Langtang area trekking routes
There are many possibilities to find out the virgin trekking trail in this region. Easy, moderate to difficult hiking trails from 3 days to 3 weeks. But, the most preferable and most popular trekking routes are Langtang Valley, Helambu, and Gosainkunda Lake. All trekking route have locally functioned hotels/lodges, tea houses, and campgrounds for trekkers.
Trekkers those who have extra time to explore the trailside wilderness then near Ghora Tabela and Kyanjin hilltop viewpoint are best. If you are interested in the cultural sites then Langtang village, Tarkegyang, Melamchi, and Shermathang will be well satisfied. Pack up your essential and come for trekking in Nepal in Langtang region. The major attractions are Buddhist culture of (Tamang, Yolmo, and Bhotia), Gosainkunda Lake, Red panda, Helambu region and Langtang valley. The other well-known but remote part of this region are five lakes, the toe of langshisa glacier and Kyanjin the upper-level valley and over challenging ganja la to pass in upper Langtang trek.
How to get there?
Langtang Region Trek/ Trekking in Nepal Itinerary
Popular Name of Trek =
Langtang Valley Trek
|Syafrubesi via Dhunche||1400 m||8 to 10 hrs.|
|Thulo Syafrubesi||2100 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
|Bamboo||2000 m||3 to 4 hrs.|
|Lama Hotel||2800 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
|Ghora Tabela||3000 m||3 to 4 hrs.|
|Langtang||3400 m||3 to 4 hrs.|
|Kyanjin||3900 m||2 to 3hrs|
Name of Trek =
Dhunche to Helambu via Gosainkunda trek
|Singh Gomba||3300 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Sing Gomba||3300 m||3 to 4 hrs.|
|Cholang Patti||3500 m||2 to 3 hrs.|
|Lauribina||3900 m||2 to 3 hrs.|
|Gosainkunda||4380 m||2 to 3 hrs.|
|Lauribina Pass||4610 m||1 to 2 hrs.|
|Ghopte||3400 m||2 to 3 hrs.|
|Tharepati||3600 m||3 to 4 hrs.|
|Melamchighyang||2650 m||2 to 3 hrs.|
|Tarkegyang||2600 m||3 to 4 hrs.|
|Shermathang||2800 m||3 to 4 hrs.|
|Melamchi Pul||830 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
Melamchi Pul (Car/Bus)
|Kathmandu||1400 m||2 to 3 hrs.|
4. Shivapuri Nagarjun Region
The reserve area is the perfect desired destination for “trekking in Nepal” to seeing rainforests, orchids, butterflies, feathered creatures (birds), pines and even so many different medical-related herbal and natural plants. Trekking is one of the popular destination for the site visitors and tourists. Extraordinary sights of the high Himalayas in direction of the North, Nagarkot in direction of the East, Nagarjun in the direction of the west and Kathmandu valley, Phulchowki, Chandragiri, directly into the south can be viewed from the Shivapuri Top. Trekking trails to Langtang National Park (Gosainkunda, Helambu) and Nagarkot also pass through the Shivapuri height.
Widely used Trekking trails within the park are:
As you plan to “trekking in Nepal” especially, in Shivapuri regions, you can find to see the main visitor destinations like sacred bath spot Bishnudhwar and Bagdhwar, including some other crucial regions such as Baruneshwor, Kageswor, and Tarkeshwor, Manichur, Sundarijal, Shivapuri peak and Mahadevas which are the incredible parts of the region. Additionally, Buddhist nagi gumba as well is situated inside the park in their peaceful land. More than a few tourist hotel rooms, lodges and retailers are seen and many new ones are under construction along the walking trails.
The Entry Fee for Shivapuri National Park
|S.N||Particular||Rate (NRS) Per Person/Per Entry|
|Rock Climbing/ Canyoning||500|
|Picnic Spot Charge||3000|
|Heavy Equipment Entry||2000|
5. Rara Lake Region
Rara is smallest but the most scenic region for trekking in Nepal. The park was verified in 1976 and addresses probably the most delightful alpine and sub-alpine ecosystems of the Himalaya. The area is at an altitude of around 3000 meters which is forested by conifers. The tallest mountain Chuchemara Danda at 4087 meters is an excellent viewpoint offering spectacular scene of the lake, thickly forested hillsides along with the snow-capped peaks around it. Some other summits in the reserve area are Ruma Kand (3700 m) and Malika Kand (3444 m) placed to the north of the lake. Rara is located within the catchment section of Karnali River, among the three primary river systems of Nepal. The atmosphere facilitates creatures such as red panda, ghoral, and musk deer and yellow-throated martin. Sighting of leopard and wolf, in addition, has also been revealed in the park. The Lake also attracts migrants’ birds like teals, pochards and also mallards. Jumla – Rara trek adventure is truly one of the well-liked Mid-western treks of Nepal.
Rara Lake is located on the northern slope of Ghurichi Lek (Mountain) (4086 m) and confined from the north by another lower ridge of 3300 meters. Although the lake drains west through a narrow gorge. The eastern barrier of the lake is hardly six meters above the lake level. And there is a steep decline of 1370 meter beyond this barrier to Mugu River, thus making the lake look like virtually balanced on a high projection.
How to get Rara Lake?
The easiest way to reach Rara is to fly to Jumla from Kathmandu or Nepalgunj, followed by a three-day “trekking in Nepal” to the park office at Hutu. The alternative route is to take a bus from Nepalgunj to Surkhet, followed by a weeklong hike to the park. Visitors should travel with camping gear and guides to explore Rara. Basic accommodation is available at the Park office. The best time to visit the region is from February to April and in October and November. An Entry fee of NRs. 3000 per person should be paid at the National Parks ticket counter at Nepal Tourism Board in Kathmandu.
Rara Lake Trek Itinerary
6. Shey-Phoksundo Region
Whereas Shey is the name of a famous Gumba, Phoksundo is a lake. The park was established to protect the unique trans- Himalayan ecosystem. Shey Phoksundo is the Nepal largest National park and covers 3555 Sq.km. The area extending over Dolpo and Mugu district which area are very popular for trekking in Nepal. The major attraction of the park includes the Kanjiroba Himal and many other peaks over 6000 m as well as the famous Shey monastery, the Phoksundo Lake, and the Langu Gorge. The region is equally important for flora and fauna as well.
Individual trekking is permitted to trek up to Rigmo or Phoksundo Lake. The trans-Himalayan region of inner Dolpa is restricted but for group trekking only. A Group trekking permit can be arranged through any recognized trekking agency of Nepal.
How to reach the park?
The close airplane runway is at Juphal, south of the park. People can also fly to Jumla from where it is a ten days’ trek to Phoksundo and Shey areas. It is the best and virgin region for trekking in Nepal. The best time to visit this park is from April to November. Visitors can get trekking permit by paying an entry fee of NRs. 3000 (Foreigners) and NRs. 1500 (SAARC Citizen) at National park ticket counter in NTB (Nepal Tourism Board), Kathmandu.
Phoksundo Lake Trek/ Trekking in Nepal Itinerary
7. Manaslu Region
Manaslu area in Gurkha district is in a classic setting to experience pristine mountain and trekking in Nepal nature and culture. With proposed plans for conserving the heritage of the area, it is also an ideal place for village tourism experience that Nepal’s famous for. The conservation area starts at 600 meters and is crowned by the eight highest peak in the world Mt. Manaslu at 8163 meters. The region is home to 29 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer, and Himalayan Tahr. There are over 20 species of birds and three species of reptiles. Vegetation includes 200 species of plants, more than 50 of which are useful for various purposes.
Do I need a permit to get Manaslu Region?
September to November
For Manaslu Us dollar 70 Per Person for 1st 7 days and then additional US dollar 10 Per Person each single day
December to August
For Manaslu Us dollar 50 Per Person for 1st 7 days and then extra US dollars 7 Per Person each day
No matter calendar month and numbers of day’s conservation region entry permit charge of this Manaslu region is usually same.
Manaslu Conservation Area Project (MCAP) USD 20
Manaslu Trek /Trekking in Nepal Itinerary
Drive from Kathmandu (1400 m) To Sotikhola
7 to 8 hrs.
|Soti Khola to Machha Khola||900 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Machha Khola to Jagat||1400 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Jagat to Deng||1800 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Deng to Namrung||2600 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Namrung to Samagaon||3500 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
Samagaon to Pungyen Gompa or Little way to Manaslu Base Camp – Samagaon Exploration
5 to 6 hrs.
|Samagaon to Samdo||3850 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
|Rest Day in Samdo||3850 m||Whole Day|
|Samdo to Dharmasala||4460 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
|Dharmasala to Larkya la (5160 m) or to Bumthang||3700 m||8 to 9 hrs.|
|Bumthang to Tilije||2300 m||4 to 5 hrs.|
|Tilije to Tal||1700 m||5 to 6 hrs.|
|Tal to Syange||1080 m||6 to 7 hrs.|
|Drive Syange to Kathmandu||1400 m||8 to 9 hrs.|
8. Kanchenjunga Region
Kanchenjunga Region lies below Mt. Kanchenjunga. Which is also the popular area for trekking in Nepal. The region with its rocky outcrops, alpine grasslands, low river valleys, temperate and sub-tropical regions of China. The Kanchenjunga Conservation area has been selected as one of the 200 universal eco areas acknowledged by world wildlife fund. Ten species among Nepal’s 20 indigenous gymnosperms and 15 among Nepal 28 endemic flowering plants are found in this region. In addition, almost 30 varieties of rhododendron species and 69 varieties of orchids are found here. The area is marked with colors every spring with wild displays of rhododendrons, orchids, lilies, primula and other flowers. Wildlife includes in danger of extinction snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, rhesus macaw, red panda and blue sheep. About 202 species of different birds including Impheyan Pheasant, red-billed blue magpie, and shy Drongo are found in the region.
Kanchenjunga Region Trekking entry fee (per person per entry)
NRs 3,000 – Foreign Nationals
NRs 1500 – SAARC Nationals
Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek/ Trekking in Nepal Itinerary
|Flight Kathmandu to Bhadrapur and short drive to Birtamod for Stay|
|Drive Birtamod Marketplace to Taplejung/ Suketar (2420 m, 8 to 9 hrs.)|
|Taplejung/ Suketar to Mitlung (920 m, 5 hrs.)|
|Mitlung to Chiruwa (1270 m, 6 hrs.)|
|Chiruwa to Sukathum (1570 m, 6 hrs.)|
|Sukathum to Amjilosa (2300 m, 7 hrs.)|
|Amjilosa to Gyabla (2700 m, 6 hrs.)|
|Gyabla to Ghunsa (3595 m, 6 hrs.)|
|Ghunsa Acclimatization Day|
|Ghunsa to Kambachen (4050 m, 6 hrs.)|
|Kambachen to Lhonak (4780 m, 7 hrs.)|
|Lhonak to Pangpema (5140 m, 6 hrs.) afternoon visit Kanchenjunga Base Camp (5143 m)|
|Pangpema to Kambachen (4050 m, 5 hrs.)|
|Kambachen to Ghunsa (3595 m, 6hrs)|
|Ghunsa to Sele La Camp (4290 m, 7hrs)|
|Sele La Camp to Tseram (3870 m) via Sele La Pass (4480 m, 7 hrs.)|
|Tseram to Ramche (4620 m, 7 hrs.)|
|Ramche to Yalung Base Camp (4500 m, 7 to 8 hrs.)|
|Ramche to Tseram (3870 m, 5 hrs.)|
|Tseram to Tortong (2995 m, 6 hrs.)|
|Tortong to Yamphudin (2080 m, 7 hrs.)|
|Yamphudin to Mamankhe (1810 m, 5 hrs.)|
|Mamankhe to Kande Bhyanjyang (2120m, 6 hrs.)|
|Kande Bhyanjyang to Lalikharka (2220 m, 6 hrs.)|
|Lalikharka (2220 m) – Suketar (2420 m, 5-6 hrs.)|
Drive to Badrapur and flight to Kathmandu
9. Makalu Barun Region
Makalu Barun is both National Park and Conservation region which is a virgin place for trekking in Nepal. It is situated northeast of Kathmandu nearby Everest region. It is bordered by Arun River on the east and Everest region on the west. The Nepal Tibet border on the north and Saune Danda (ridge) directly to the south. The parks cover an area of 2330 Sq. Kms. This region is only the protected area in Nepal with a description of a Strict Nature Reserve. It has some of the richest and most unique pockets of plants and animals in Nepal. Stepping up the slopes are a series of vegetation Zones starting with tropical Sal forest below 1000 m elevation and subtropical forest at 1000 – 2000 m. birch, fir, rhododendron forests in the sub-alpine (3000-4000 m) and herbs, grasses and rhododendron/juniper shrubs in the alpine pastures (4000-5000 m). As you go trekking in Nepal to this region for trek again, there are 47 varieties of orchids, 67 species of bamboos, 15 oaks, 86 species of fodder trees and 48 species of primrose. Over 400 species of birds have been sighted in the Makalu Barun region. Two species never were seen before in Nepal the spotted wren babbler and the olive ground warbler. Wildlife includes the endangered red panda, musk deer, cloud leopard, Himalayan black beer and possibly snow leopard, in addition to more substantial populations of Ghoral, tahr, wild boar, Himalayan marmot, barking deer, common langur monkey, and serow.
Most trails are quite rocky and become slippery after rain or freezes. One particular hazardous area is the trail between Mumbuk and Yangle Kharka, an area of unstable and dangerous rock fall. Trekkers in this region should move quickly and watch for falling rocks. Mountain sickness also is a serious risk if elevation gains are rapid without proper acclimatization.
How to get there?
There is a daily flight to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu and Biratnagar. Tumlingtar could also be reached from Biratnagar/ Dharan. It is a 6 to 7 hrs. Drive to Hile and 3-day trek to Tumlingtar from there. You can also reach lnkhu valley to Makalu Barun from Lukla and Phaplu. There is a regular flight from Kathmandu to Lukla/Phaplu.
Makalu Base Camp Trek/ Trekking in Nepal Itinerary
|Day 01||Flight to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu and drive to Chichila (1840 m) 50min Flight, 3 to 4hrs drive.|
|Day 02||Trek to Num (1500 m, 6 to 7hrs.)|
|Day 03||Trek to Sedua (1540 m, 6 to 7 hrs.)|
|Day 04||Trek to Tashigaon (2070 m, 4 to 5 hrs.)|
|Day 05||Trek to Khongma Danda (3560 m, 6 to 7hrs.)|
|Day 06||Acclimatization Day|
|Day 07||Trek to Debotay (3650 m, 6 to 7 hrs.)|
|Day 08||Trek to Yangle Kharka (3600 m, 6 to 7hrs.)|
|Day 09||Trek to Lang male Kharka (4200 m, 5 to 6hrs.)|
|Day 10||Trek to Makalu Base Camp (5000 m, 5 to 6hrs.)|
|Day 11||Explore Makalu Base Camp|
|Day 12||Trek to Yangle Kharka (3600 m, 6 to 7hrs.)|
|Day 13||Trek to Debotay (3650 m, 6 to 7hrs.)|
|Day 14||Trek to Tashigaon (2070 m, 5 to 6 hrs.)|
|Day 15||Trek to Num (1500 m, 6 to 7 hrs.)|
|Day 16||Trek or drive to Tumlingtar|
|Day 17||Fly back to Kathmandu|
Must Know Before Trekking in Nepal
- Altitude Sickness
Altitude sickness which is also called Acute Mountain Sickness. It will arise as we reached above the 3000 m. It will manifest as we move rapidly on the higher altitude. Manifest itself in a headache, sleeplessness, Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and get like drunker gait, sometimes become aggressive. Do not ignore this warning. Otherwise, the more serious system can occur which can even cause death within a few hours. The medication for Altitude sickness is to descend immediately to the Lower Elevation. It is said that in the market there is medicine for altitude sickness like; Diamox and others. Do not think it will work and help in altitude. No substitute for the descent!
Preventive Measure for High Altitude Sickness
- Safety Precaution About Health
While trekking in Nepal there is no risk. But, your health condition must be sound to acclimatize into the mountain. Common problems like Dehydration, Diarrhea, Fever, Headache, tonsil, blister might occur during the trekking period. So, plan accordingly before going trekking to any part of the planet. Carry your own first aid kit bag with sufficient medical requirement. Actually, one thing I would like to remind you that the medical facilities are not of the same standard that you may expect at your home. And another, here in Nepal, especially, outside Kathmandu and Pokhara pharmacies are few and limited and what sufficient requirement supply they might have. There are no specific health requirements for entry into Nepal. Preventive measures such as thorough medical check-up and inoculation before planning trekking in Nepal is very good idea. Consult your doctor for your checkup and ask about altitude fitness as well.
Accommodation in the main trekking regions in Nepal has a wide range of facilities provided by resorts, hotels, lodges, tea houses and camping or campsite trek. Its depend on your choice which kind of trekking would you like to do. All types of facilities you can get. But, accommodation is on twin share basis. Bathroom in the tea house is basic. For an example: in the most popular trekking region like Everest Base camp trek, Annapurna base camp trek, Ghorepani poon hill trek etc. are tea house trek which is of the basic standard. In the Kanchenjunga trek and Makalu trek are still goes on a camping trek. But, there are also Tea houses which are in limited. Because they are in the remote part of the trekking in Nepal. The lodges are on the very basic for overall. Though the standard of accommodation is clean and good.
In the major cities like Kathmandu, Pokhara and other popular places even in popular trekking routes, you can find the wide range of food cooked by the local people trained to the high standard to meet the requirement of the guest. That the menu will be given to choose and select. Which have many options to relish. But, there are some of the places on the trek which in a remote part of the trekking region. The food is on the fixed choice basis. Little menu or locally available things are serving. But, the trek is unlikely to see the tourist. To go trekking in Nepal to the higher altitude camping trek is a good idea to prefer. Foods on most of the trekking regions are; such as Rice, dal soup, vegetable curry made from seasonal vegetable available locally. Other dishes might include Roti flatbread with curry, fried rice, Mo: mo., Dido, Pancake, muesli, porridge etc.
Do not forget to carry your favorite snacks too. Like the chocolate bar, snicker, Energy food. Because on the trekking, there might not fix time to have lunch. You need for long drives and trek.
Water is very important to drink during trekking period. Of course, without water, no living being can alive. So, carry some bottle of water with you all the time. Water from the village tape is not safe to drink until purification tablet is kept for 15 min. Another, sealed bottle mineral water or boiled water or filter water are also provided in the lodges which are fine for drinking while trekking in Nepal. But, don’t forget to buy purification tablets or drops to be environmentally friendly. Anytime you need it.
Preparation before you plan trekking is a key. Moving up and down in trekking boot, swimming, jogging, playing sports etc. are essential things to do before the trek. Weather of the mountains is changing in the interval of 15 to 20 min. there will be hard to predict the weather and climate conditions of the spot. So, you should have the very good stamina to acclimatize according to the environment and climatic conditions.
Use your suitable personal bag for your valuable things. See carefully before leaving the place or room. Do not forget like passport, money, and camera etc. Be aware of a pickpocket, and in crowded places.
In the cities like Kathmandu or in Pokhara. You will get a same day laundry service washed by laundry shop or by the hotel. Actually, on the trekking, you have to wash your clothes by hand using biodegradable washing powder or shop for rinsing. At last, you need to depend on sunlight or heater for dry.
Money Issue while trekking in Nepal
Generally, it is not potential to change the traveler’s cheque or foreign currency apart from the bigger cities like Kathmandu or in Pokhara. Consequently, when you are in trekking cash is king. So, it is strongly recommending to exchange the foreign currency before your trip start. Nepal official currency is Nepalese Rupees or NRs. The small denomination that comes in Nepalese is 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000. If you have lesser known currency it is better to change in Kathmandu. Cash is safer than the credit card in Nepal. Anytime, you need a cash money for local payment like the budget for drinks, entrance fees may be needed for visiting the attractions, emergency fund, departure tax, tipping or tips and extra expenses. The major convertible currency is GBP, USD, EUR, Japanese YEN, Hong Kong Dollar, Australian Dollar and Swiss Franc.
For the flight reconfirmation, a passenger must re-confirm at least 72 hrs before the flight that he/she will be on a flight. Otherwise, an airplane has a right to assign the seat for someone else. Please be careful.
Essential equipment for trekking In Nepal
- Buy strap/ belt bag pack which is light to carry and can easily bind to make comfortable.
- Trekking /hiking boots
- Wool trousers
- 2 Pair of thick warm wool hiking socks
- Lightweight shoes around camp, like sandals or running shoes
- Ski poles optional if you have you can carry or if you need you can buy
- Down jacket
- Sunglasses or snow glasses
- 2 cotton T-shirt or what suitable
- Basic First-Aid Kit with medical requirements
- Rain Coat and windproof, waterproof trouser
- Gloves with a water-resistant shell outside
- Sunscreen, Suntan lotion or cream
- Woolen Hat
Use your own practice and Judgments to make your decision to pack up your belongings.
About Travel Insurance before Trekking in Nepal
Travel insurance is very essential and has to make from your own home country while visiting in Nepal for trekking or tour. Even if you book any trip from any other agency, your personal travel insurance is not covered in your trip. So, it is highly suggested you take out all-inclusive travel coverage insurance before going any trip from your home country. That must cover medical expenses, personal accident, personal liability (theft of materials and items), and emergency evacuation (including air ambulance or helicopter rescue where suitable). Another we also recommend that it covers trip cancellation, personal effect, and loss of luggage. The evidence of travel insurance should be with you all the time. Anytime, after booking your trip the representative of the agency might ask you. If you don’t have any evidence, they might have a right to cancel and suspend your involvement on a trip. So, plan accordingly.
- Code of practice while trekking in Nepal
Any foreigner those who are interested in trek any part of the country will have to obtain the trekking permit from the department of immigration except those restricted for foreigners by the government regulation. Some trekking regions where you have to buy the special permit as well. Like: Upper Mustang trek. There are also some of the rules which should follow by the trekkers which are as follows:
- Trekkers need to observe the route recommended to them by the Department of Immigration.
- Not approved paths or trail might cause severe difficulties concerning, security and safety, food and accommodation.
- It is highly encouraged to make arrangements for trekking from authorized trekking agencies to stop from unseen accidents which can take place anytime throughout the trekking period.
- It is recommended to take only certified guide and porters while trekking in Nepal.
- Be cautious with matches around solid wood or grassy areas.
- Support measures to minimize pollution and make improvements to the natural environment. Make use of minimum solid waste and harmful toxins.
- Keep your camp area clean
- Do not forget to eliminate firewood anywhere in campsites.
- Help to maintain the area clean and healthy
- Coordinate menus and main meal along with other trekkers as a result kitchen fire can be best utilized.
- Trekkers are strictly prohibited to cut down any green forest natural resources and to kill any wildlife.
Responsible Trekking in Nepal
- Do not take a picture of a person or individual without asking to them.
- Follow the information board or ask the people around before taking a photo of a Temple or Monuments and open your shoes before entering into the temple as a mark of respect.
- Do not throw rubbishes even if you see piles of rubbish anywhere. Help to clean the environment.
- It is better to be decently cover while touring or trekking in Nepal. Especially, for women bare Thai and back are not appreciated.
Some other important tips
- Be sensitive to outs who claim to be an agent of the companies and deal to make bargain hunting.
- Use hotel room safety boxes for your valuable items like jewelry. Be careful not to keep cash and other useful things lying around in the room.
- Table behavior in Nepal is pretty unique. In typical and traditional Nepali houses, plates, knives, forks, and spoons could be away from the dinner table. Nepalese people use their palms to eat. But, this method does not mean that guests should not use forks, knives, and spoons.
- While “trekking in Nepal”, you should never take very seriously just in case Nepali women hesitate to shake hands. In Nepal, particularly females will not normally shake hands at the time they greet, alternatively press the palm jointly in a prayer similar to gesture called Namaste!
- More than 90 % of Nepalese people live in the countryside areas, and they surely have their own unique traditions, lifestyle, and even their outlook and physical appearance. Nepalese most people seem very simple and are usually innocent. You can find them out joyful and are actually wanting to speak with or give company to a foreigner, visitors, and trekkers the same, even though they cannot understand their language or civilization.
Now, any confusion regarding plan your trip for Trekking in Nepal?
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